Formula 1’s second successive weekend at the same circuit won’t necessarily follow the storylines of the first, or even see the domination of Red Bull’s Max Verstappen continue.
Will softer tyres make for a different race?
The pandemic has led to the unusual situation of the same circuit holding two grands prix, but that occurred at three separate tracks in 2020 (including Bahrain where two different layouts were used) and one of those venues was the Red Bull Ring.
The other was Silverstone, where Pirelli’s efforts to prevent a repeat result for fans saw them bring different compound tyres to the two race meetings. They started with the harder offerings of rubber, then gave teams the softer options for the follow-up race.
Aside from punishingly hot temperatures at Silverstone, a contributing factor to Mercedes’ drivers having their tyres spectacularly go in the closing laps of the British Grand Prix, there wasn’t too much difference in how the race played out at the front when the softer tyres were made available for the F1 70th Anniversary Grand Prix that followed, nor between the Red Bull Ring races a few weeks prior.
With such limited development of the cars since then, besides reduced levels of rear downforce imposed by regulation changes that restricted what teams could do with the floor area, it’s unlikely we’ll get a very different Austrian Grand Prix compared to the Styrian Grand Prix.
Because Austria opened the season last year, the racing was a little more frantic and as a result there were safety car interruptions, but most of that had died down by a week later. Last weekend’s race was a rather processional affair, particularly at the front of the field, where the top two places never changed hands.
It’s possible that the one-stop strategy will become less favourable than the two-stop for Red Bull and Mercedes now the C5 tyre will be available, but given they’re likely to have a huge advantage over everyone else regardless, is that even going to make traffic after pit stops an issue for them if the midfield goes for the same strategy?
It may however be what Mercedes needs to bounce back against Red Bull and end their four-race winning streak.
Williams’ wait for points goes on
For the first third of the Styrian Grand Prix, George Russell was on course to take his first points as a Williams driver. After the halfway point of the race, he was sitting in the team garage after a pit stop lasting several minutes and wondering how a power unit issue had put him out of a race his team had looked genuinely competitive in.
Williams were considerably closer to the qualifying pace at the Red Bull Ring compared to the two visits made last year, and it was their most competitive showing at the circuit since 2016 when Valtteri Bottas was 1.03% slower than the pole lap. Russell was 1.30% off the pace last Saturday and matched his best qualifying result at the team in 11th place.
His 24-lap opening stint in eighth was the longest spell a Williams car has spent in a points-scoring position since last year’s Tuscan Grand Prix at Mugello, where he also ran as high as eighth and spent 36 laps in the top 10, and with each race that teases a points finish but somehow snatches it away Russell has got used to the frequent need to bounce back from disappointment.
So there’s no doubt mentally he’ll be on top form again this weekend, and the car fundamentally shouldn’t be any less competitive than it was days ago. But the use of a softer tyre compound may be the sticking point here, particularly if the Austrian GP is a two-stop race, as Williams hasn’t looked strong on Pirelli’s softest tyre, the C5, which was used in Monaco and Baku.
Fernando Alonso, who had Russell in close company last weekend, expects them to be competitive again. “He was also really fast on Friday in the Williams,” he said. “I think they were 11th last year as well in Austria.
“So it seems that they are generally fast in this circuit. So I was expecting a strong race from them. Unfortunately, he had to retire. But next weekend I expect Williams again to be to be very close to us.”
The Friday tyre choices
The variation of teams’ strategies in Friday practice makes it difficult to draw reliable pictures of who will be quickest come qualifying the next day, and that will be even more the case than usual this weekend as Pirelli brings new rear tyres for all teams to use.
During the Azerbaijan Grand Prix there were two blow-outs for drivers using the C3 medium compound tyre. New restrictions on tyre use arose from that, which have been in force for two races, but now Pirelli has brought a revised construction of the rear tyre for testing. Two sets will be supplied to each team for use in the first two Austrian GP practice sessions.
“This decision has been taken in addition to the recently issued technical directive and the latest starting parameters prescribed by Pirelli, in light of the fact that it is not currently possible to monitor running conditions in real time,” said Pirelli in a statement.
It’s not clear what performance differential the revised compound will have, if any, but by running it during practice it reduces teams’ time on the C5 tyre that’s only been used on street circuits so far in 2021. And the two Friday sessions this year are only each an hour long.
As the C5 is the likely starting tyre for many of the midfield teams that wouldn’t be confident enough to get through to Q3 on the C4 soft, the data deficit from Friday could lead to a really exciting Saturday practice session and then a mixed up qualifying – particularly as we don’t yet know the minimum tyre pressures for this event.
If the trial is successful, then it is planned for the revised construction to be brought to the British GP along with the unchanged front tyres to be used in the grand prix. Silverstone is one of the most demanding tracks on the calendar for tyre use, and has been the scene of many of Pirelli’s tyre failures in the past, an issue it wants to prevent.
Second chances for Styrian GP strugglers
Having two races at the same circuit gives everybody in the paddock a rare opportunity to get to the bottom of problems and then try out their solutions on the same asphalt rather than at a completely different and even irrelevant track.
Esteban Ocon’s failure to progress past Q1 last time out and another mystifying performance for Daniel Ricciardo in qualifying make those two the drivers under the biggest pressure – but also with the greatest opportunity – to turn things around this weekend.
Ocon needs to ensure his car feedback is as precise as possible on Friday morning, as the team relies on him for information while Alpine team mate Fernando Alonso hands over his car to Formula 2 points leader Guanyu Zhou to make his F1 practice debut.
Alonso finished ninth in the Styrian GP and was convinced he “could have done much better” than that position, and if it really was the maximum that Alpine could get out of their car then that certainly gives Ocon a barometer to see what he can do to bring himself up to that pace. However Alonso teased “we have something in our head to improve the performance of the car” for this weekend.
Finishing not far behind Alonso was AlphaTauri’s Yuki Tsunoda, who along with Haas duo Nikita Mazepin and Mick Schumacher will be greatly appreciating the chance as F1 rookies to measure their own rate of improvement by having two Red Bull Ring races, and Zhou isn’t the only practice one stand-in as 2020 F2 title runner-up Callum Ilott drives for Alfa Romeo and Roy Nissany is in again at Williams.
Ricciardo’s Styria race was compromised by traffic and a power unit control system glitch, but he also had the same driving problems he has been dealing with since joining McLaren this season. He’s worked hard with the team, but simple differences like not getting through to Q3 as frequently as Norris does compromises both his race strategies and the work he can do on setting up the car for single-lap pace.
Having more time to focus on that this weekend will be a huge help, particularly as his race pace clearly merited a better result.
Will the rain which was repeatedly tipped but failed to materialise last weekend finally arrive?
After a very warm mid-week, significantly cooler air will move into the Spielberg later this week and make the cars higher (no pun intended) performing machines in the Styrian Alps.
It will minimise the loss of engine performance that occurs at altitude, and change the game when it comes to putting temperature into the tyres and then managing them over a race distance. More power, more downforce and more grip not only means faster lap times but also less sliding, so better tyre management.
On the C3 tyre being used at both Red Bull Ring races, Ricciardo and Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz Jnr were able to go 41 laps before pitting in the Styrian GP, and while such a lengthy stint would be under consideration by more drivers now, it might get overlooked anyway at the Austrian GP if the cooler conditions enable drivers on the faster C5 tyre to run for longer.
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10 comments on “Softer tyres, better race, different winner? Five Austrian GP talking points”
30th June 2021, 7:55
Most frontrunners qualified on the medium tyre last week. Now with the softer compounds, last week’s medium tyres are this week’s hards. However, I think that (almost) nobody will try to qualify on the hards, because others will qualify on the C5 softs.
Like the article states, this will make a 2-stop more favourable. Although the pecking order hasn’t changed overnight, a 2-stop offers more chances of an undercut or botched pitstop. I am not a fan of pitstops being a decisive factor, but it will most likely result in a different race than last week.
30th June 2021, 7:55
I don’t expect much difference in strategies, although if C5 proves too soft for Red Bull Ring, teams may prioritize those sets in practice sessions, and everyone attempts reaching Q2 with the middle compound like France twice or Silverstone 2. Hardest is the same as last weekend’s middle, so I don’t entirely rule out even someone using that in Q2, like Max in Silverstone 2.
This weekend should also be pleasantly warm, rain or not, pretty much the same temps as last weekend.
Dan Rooke (@geekzilla9000)
30th June 2021, 9:40
Even if everyone qualifies exactly where they were last race and they had the exact same tyres – given the 2 penalties, the spins and reliability issues – this would be a different race anyway!
I’m sure the top 4 will be the same but almost anyone could bag points in the other 6 positions (fingers crossed for George, it’s gutting watching that carrot dangle only for him to never be able to get a bite!).
30th June 2021, 10:02
I’m so perplexed by this statement. The teams have hundreds of people between them whose jobs it is to monitor tyre performance (surface temps, carcass temps, pressures etc) in real time, are Pirelli saying they do not have access to the same data?
30th June 2021, 10:54
They said ‘not in real time’. Basically they mean they don’t trust the teams to give them the data without somehow tampering with it. Which is a lame excuse, but gives you the opportunity to dodge questions when your tyres suck.
30th June 2021, 11:22
I bet Mercedes will prioritize race pace in order to stay with Red Bull and do an undercut and keep that gap until the 2nd stop, instead of going for a fast qually setup that eats race tyres.
Last races Red Bull strategy has been good, but still not convinced as it’s been helped by luck and pace advantage.
It will be just as interesting to see what Mercedes and Red Bull’s 2nd drivers can do as Bottas likes this track, and could well go his own way now that he’s fed up of not choosing setup and strategy (if he’s allowed).
30th June 2021, 16:14
Yes, I noticed bottas was good in austria, usually, fighting for the win more often, even looking at the 6 podiums stats it’s confirmed, and furthermore he beat his rival this race, even if you discount the pit stop issue he was up there with his rival’s speed. I think we agree red bull was faster here, so somehow bottas performed better compared to his red bull rival than hamilton did, while still not having the same pace as hamilton.
30th June 2021, 17:01
@esploratore1 I don’t think Bottas really outperformed Perez.
Looking at the data published here, it looks like Bottas on mediums couldn’t close down Perez (on softs) until the last couple of laps before Perez pitted (presumably his tyres started to go off). After the pit stops, Perez was slowly closing down Bottas and reduced the gap from 3s to around 1.5s.
As we saw, he very nearly caught Bottas, but I was thinking he could well have caught Bottas without the extra stop – look how long it took Bottas to get past Ricciardo towards the end! However, one thing seems pretty clear – having decided to two-stop Perez, Red Bull called him in one or two laps too late.
30th June 2021, 21:21
Bottas was the faster Mercedes in qualifying, but just couldn’t cope with the tyre wear in the race after both cars had gone for the ‘wacky’ setup to gain qualy speed.
If Bottas goes for his own thing, It could well be Verstappen all alone with both Mercedes, and then it’s difficult if they split the strategies.
But then again, Perez needs time to warm up to things, and maybe he’s the one who will benefit most from the 2nd race here. @esploratore1 @scbriml
30th June 2021, 12:51
I’m not sure Mercedes has any sort of incremental options. They had no chance of an undercut last time. Will they be faster in stint one on a softer tire? They got dropped on both race tires before and were not really faster on reds in practice. So probably not. They might have to get rid of the “barn door” wing go for a fast warm up set up and just go for pole.
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